Before the eraser, bread was used to erase pencil marks.
The modern rubber eraser was invented in 1770 by an English engineer named Edward Naime. Before that though, a rolled up piece of white bread was used to erase pencil marks away. Some artists today still use this method to lighten up charcoal or pastel marks on their work. It wasn’t until 1858 that a patent was received for putting the new erasers at the base of pencils.